With human error responsible for 95% of cybersecurity breaches, managing employee cyber risk is crucial for preventing data breaches and ensuring regulatory compliance. Ongoing security awareness training is a key component of an effective human risk management (HRM) program. This training educates employees on identifying and combating modern threats and best practices for staying security-savvy.

If you’re considering launching a security awareness training program, you might wonder which topics to include in your core security awareness training library for 2024, as well as how you can start educating your staff on these topics swiftly.

What are the most essential security awareness training topics in 2024?
  1. Phishing Attacks
  2. Ransomware Prevention
  3. Password Security
  4. Social Engineering
  5. Removable Media
  6. Physical Security
  7. Mobile Device Security
  8. Secure Remote Work Practices
  9. Public Wi-Fi
  10. Cloud Security
  11. Social Media Use
  12. Internet and Email Use
  13. Security at Home
  14. Insider Threats
  15. Compliance and Legal Requirements
  1. Phishing Attack

Phishing attacks have become increasingly sophisticated, making them a major threat in 2024. Employees need to learn how to identify phishing attempts, especially business email compromises (BEC), which use detailed research to craft convincing emails. Training should include spotting modern phishing techniques and reporting potential attacks immediately.

2. Ransomware Prevention

Ransomware attacks can devastate businesses. Employees should be trained to recognize and avoid ransomware by understanding the risks associated with downloading untrusted attachments and the importance of regular data backups.

  1. Password Security

Weak passwords are a common vulnerability. Training should emphasize creating strong, unique passwords and using password managers. Two-factor authentication (2FA) should also be encouraged to add an extra layer of security.

  1. Social Engineering

Social engineering exploits human psychology to gain access to confidential information. Training should cover tactics like pretexting and baiting and teach employees how to recognize and counteract these threats.

  5. Removable Media


Removable media, such as USB sticks and SD cards, can be used to transfer malware. Training should highlight the risks and teach employees how to use these devices safely, including securing data and recognizing potential threats from lost or stolen devices.

  1. Physical Security

Physical security is often overlooked. Employees should be aware of the risks of leaving sensitive documents or unattended computers. Implementing a ‘clean desk’ policy can significantly reduce these risks.

   7. Mobile Device Security


With the rise of remote work, mobile device security is crucial. Training should cover securing mobile devices, recognizing malicious apps, and the importance of updates and secure connections.

  1. Secure Remote Work Practices

Remote work introduces new security challenges. Employees should learn secure remote access methods, such as using VPNs, and understand the importance of separating personal and professional devices and networks.

  1. Public Wi-Fi

Public Wi-Fi can be risky. Employees need to understand the dangers of using public networks and how to recognize and avoid fake Wi-Fi networks.

Cloud computing has transformed data storage, but it comes with security risks. Training should cover secure use of cloud services, data protection measures, and recognizing cloud-specific threats.

   10. Cloud Security
Importance of Cybersecurity Training


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  1. Social Media Use

Oversharing on social media can lead to security breaches. Training should teach employees to manage privacy settings and avoid sharing sensitive information that could be exploited by malicious actors.

 12. Internet and Email Use

Safe internet and email practices are essential. Training should include recognizing suspicious emails, avoiding unsafe websites, and understanding the risks of downloading untrusted software.

  1. Security at Home

With remote work on the rise, home security is more important than ever. Employees should be trained to secure their home networks and devices and understand the risks of using personal devices for work.

 14. Insider Threats

Not all threats come from outside. Employees should be aware of the risks posed by insiders, including disgruntled employees or careless behavior, and learn how to report suspicious activities.

  1. Compliance and Legal Requirements

Understanding industry-specific compliance and legal requirements is crucial. Training should cover relevant regulations and the organization’s policies regarding data security and the legal implications of data breaches.

Getting end-user security awareness training right

Ensuring your company’s unique needs are met is crucial, so implementing a flexible cybersecurity awareness course tailored to your organization’s goals is essential for effective staff training. The above-mentioned cybersecurity awareness training topics might be helpful to design and develop your security awareness courses.

By fostering a culture of regular dialogue and awareness through end-user security awareness training, you can keep your employees informed about the latest security protocols, helping to protect both their personal and business information. This approach not only enhances overall cybersecurity but also aligns with your company’s specific objectives, ensuring comprehensive protection and compliance.


As cybersecurity threats continue to evolve, a comprehensive security awareness training program is vital. Covering these 15 essential topics on cybersecurity education & awareness training ensures that employees are well-equipped to recognize and respond to potential threats, safeguarding both data and organizational integrity.

Regular, thorough training helps maintain a secure digital environment and promotes a culture of security awareness within the organization.

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